Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)
Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) previously referred to as “selective eating disorder” is like anorexia in that both disorders involve limitations in the amount and/or types of food consumed. However, unlike anorexia, ARFID doesn’t involve any distress about body shape or size or fears of fatness.
Although many children go through phases of picky or selective eating, a person with ARFID doesn’t consume enough calories to grow and develop properly and, in adults, to maintain basic body function. In children, this results in stalled weight gain and vertical growth; in adults, this results in weight loss. ARFID can also result in problems at school or work, due to difficulties eating with others and extended times needed to eat.
Signs and Symptoms of ARFID
Symptoms of ARFID include:
Health Consequences of ARFID
Because both anorexia and ARFID involve an inability to meet nutritional needs, both disorders have similar health consequences, including: