Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)
Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) previously referred to as “selective eating disorder” is like anorexia in that both disorders involve limitations in the amount and/or types of food consumed. However, unlike anorexia, ARFID doesn’t involve any distress about body shape or size or fears of weight gain.
Although many children go through phases of picky or selective eating, a person with ARFID doesn’t consume enough calories to grow and develop properly and, in adults, to maintain basic body function. In children, this results in stalled weight gain and vertical growth; in adults, this results in weight loss and severe medical complications associated with malnutrition. ARFID can also result in problems at school or work, due to difficulties eating with others and extended times needed to eat.
Types of ARFID
There are four different types of ARFID, including:
Signs and Symptoms of ARFID
Symptoms of ARFID include:
Health Consequences of ARFID
Because both anorexia and ARFID involve an inability to meet nutritional needs, both disorders have similar health consequences, including:
How We Treat ARFID
To treat ARFID, our clinicians create an individualized treatment plan for each client based on their specific needs and diagnosis. Some of the evidence-based clinical treatment modalities we utilize to treat ARFID include: